Campaigns, Battles and Events of the Desert War, 1940–1943

  • 10 June 1940 – Italy declares War on France and Britain
  • September 1940 – Italian offensive from Libya against Egypt
  • December 1940 – Successful British counter-offensive
  • January 1941 – Tobruk taken by British troops
  • February 1941 – Benghasi taken by British troops
  • March/April 1941 – Recapture of the Cyrenaika with the exception of Tobruk
  • 19/20 April 1941 – Raid on Bardia by #7 Commando
  • April 1941 – German Siege of Tobruk
  • November 1941 – Operation Crusader to relieve Tobruk
  • 29 January 1942 – Benghasi taken by Axis troops
  • 7 February 1942 – El Gazala taken by Axis troops. Tobruk surrenders.
  • 28 June 1942 – Marsa Matruk taken by Axis troops.
  • 30 June 1942 – Axis advance halted in front of El Alamein
  • October/November 1942 – British counter-offensive captures the Cyrenaika
  • November 1942 – Operation Torch, Allied troops land in Morocco and Algeria
  • 12 November 1942 – Ceasefire between French and Allied troops in North Africa
  • November 1942 – German and Italian forces land in Tunisia
  • November 1942 – German forces occupy Vichy-France
  • 27 November 1942 – German troops take Toulon, the French Navy sinks its ships
  • 17 February – 29 March 1943 – The Mareth Line, Tunisia
  • 15 May 1943 – Heeresgruppe Afrika capitulates in Tunisia

Somaliland, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  • British and French Somaliland captured by Italian troops
  • 6 April 1941 – Addis Abeba taken by British troops
  • May 1941 – Capture of the Amba Alagi stronghold by #51 ME Commando
  • 16 May 1941 – Italian forces in Ethiopia capitulate

Bibliography

  • Fraser, Daivd: Rommel. Die Biographie.
  • Gilbert, Adrian: Blitzkriege 1939–1943. Von der Invasion in Polen bis El Alamein.
  • Kriebel, Gudmundsson: Inside the Afrika Korps.
  • Kühn, Volkmar: Mit Rommel in der Wüste.
  • Moorehead, Alan: Desert War – The North African Campaign 1940-1943.
  • Piekalkiewicz, Janusz: Der Wüstenkrieg in Afrika 1940–1943.
  • Rolf, David: The Bloody Road to Tunis.
  • Williamson, Gordon: Afrikakorps 1941-1943.

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