Hesse-Cassel Infantry Regiment Prince Ysenburg, 1748–1759

Hesse-Cassel Infantry Regiment Prince Ysenburg, 1748–1759

Infanterie-Regiment Prinz Ysenburg was owned by Prince Johann Casimir zu Ysenburg, the younger brother of Hesse-Cassel Generalleutnant Prinz Christian Ludwig zu Ysenburg. The regiment was in English pay during the Seven Years' War, to fight for the Anglo-Prussian alliance. From 1756 to late 1757, the unit deployed to England with the Hessian expeditionary force, to avert the danger of a French invasion. After its return to Germany, Infanterie-Regiment Prinz Ysenburg served with the allied Army of Observation fighting the imperial Reichsarmee and combined French army in western Germany.

The dark blue uniform with straw-coloured facings and white lace makes this regiment a prime choice for wargamers interested in building a colourful army of the 18th century. Hesse-Cassel infantry was dressed and equipped in the Prussian fashion.

Proprietor

  • Generalmajor Johann Casimir Prinz zu Isenburg-Birstein, 1748–1759
  • Generalmajor J.A.F. von Bischhausen, 1759–1762
  • Generalmajor E.H. von Wilcke, 1762–1764

Commanding Officer

  • von Urff, 1754–1759
  • Oberst J.A.F. von Bischhausen, 1759
  • Oberst W.A. von Donop, 1760–1765

Uniform

  • dark blue coat with yellow buttons and white lace
  • straw-coloured collar
  • straw-coloured lapels with white lace and yellow buttons
  • straw-coloured cuffs, two buttons and lace above each cuff
  • straw-coloured turnbacks
  • straw-coloured shoulder strap on left shoulder
  • red stock (white for officers)
  • straw-coloured waistcoat with yellow buttons
  • straw-coloured breeches
  • black gaiters with yellow buttons
  • black tricorne hat with yellow edging and straw-coloured pompom
  • Prussian grenadier mitre cap with yellow metal plate, yellow metal base, straw-coloured bag, yellow lace, and straw-coloured pompom
  • red and white pompom for NCOs
  • Officer's sword, silver and red sash, and silver gorget for officers
Grenadiers of the Hessian Infantry Regiment Prince Ysenburg marching off the Battlefield at Bergen, 40 mm Miniatures Nürnberger Meisterzinn 1102

Grenadiers of the Hessian Infantry Regiment Prince Ysenburg marching off the Battlefield at Bergen. These 40 mm miniatures were cast in a Nürnberger Meisterzinn mould, and painted with artist acrylics.

Campaign History

  • Expedition to England, 1756–1757
  • Battle of Hastenbeck, 1757
  • Engagement at Sandershausen, 1758
  • Engagement at Landwehrhagen, 1758
  • Battle of Bergen, 1759
  • Battle of Minden, 1759
  • Siege of Cassel, 1761
  • Battle of Vellinghausen / Kirch-Denkern, 1761
  • Rearguard Action at Hofgeismarer Tor in Grebenstein, 1762

Lineage

  • 2. Kurhessisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 82, 1902
  • 17. Infanterie-Regiment, 5. Kompanie, 1921

Generalmajor Prinz Johann Casimir zu Ysenburg fell at the Battle of Bergen, 1759. He was one of the highest-ranking casualties of the Seven Years' War.

Illustrations

  • Funcken, L. & F.: Historische Uniformen des 18. Jahrhunderts, 2. Band, p. 90
  • Funcken, L. & F.: Historische Uniformen, p. 48
  • Deutsche Uniformen im Zeitalter Friedrichs des Großen, Sturm Zigaretten, Dresden
  • Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Alliierten Armee 1762 (Norderstedt 2007)

Frequently Asked Questions

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The Army of Hesse-Cassel in the Seven Years' War, 1756–1763