Jacobites

Jacobites, supporters of James II, the last Roman Catholic king of England, Scotland and Ireland, who was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, his son James III, recognised as king of England, Scotland and Ireland in 1701 by his Catholic cousin Louis XIV of France, and his grandson Charles Edward Stuart, The Young Pretender. Apart from the emigrants who accompanied James II to France, support for Jacobitism came from many Tories in England and Scotland, and the Highland nobility. Together, they managed to delay the Act of Union between England and Scotland until 1707. Between 1688 and 1746, Great Britain and Ireland experienced a series of Jacobite uprisings, rebellions, and wars aimed at restoring the Stuart kings to the thrones of England, Scotland, and, after 1707, Great Britain. The Jacobite rebellions of 1689, 1715 and 1745, the latter two known respectively as "the Fifteen" and "the Forty-five", ended in bloody military defeats; and Jacobitism was finally crushed when the leaders of the movement were executed in 1746. Very occasionally there are Jacobites in the UK even now, who do not acknowledge the legitimacy of the ruling dynasty.

Miniatures of the First Jacobite Rebellion, 1715

  • James Radclyffe, Earl of Derwentwater, 28 mm Reiver PER12
  • James Erskine, Earl of Mar, 28 mm Reiver PER14
  • William Mackenzie, Earl of Seaforth
  • Mounted Generals, 28 mm Reiver JFR28
  • Highlander Command, 28 mm Reiver JFR20
  • Highlanders with mixed weapons, 28 mm Reiver JFR19
  • Scottish Lowland Rebel Command, 28 mm Reiver JFR22
  • Scottish Lowland Rebels, 28 mm Reiver JFR21
  • English Foot Rebel Command, 28 mm Reiver JFR24
  • English Rebels, 28 mm Reiver JFR23
  • Spanish Infantry Command, 28 mm Reiver JFR30
  • Spanish Infantry, 28 mm Reiver JFR29
  • Mounted Highlanders, 28 mm Reiver JFR25
  • Mounted English Gentlemen and Servants, 28 mm Reiver JFR26
  • Jacobite Artillery Crew, 28 mm Reiver JFR27

Miniatures of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, 1745

  • Charles Stuart and Staff, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR08
  • Highland Officer, charging, 1:32 JJDesigns JR-09
  • Highland Standard bearer (Cameron of Locheil's Regiment), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-10
  • Highland Standard bearer (Cameron of Locheil's Regiment), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-11
  • Highland Standard Bearer (Ardshael's Appin Regiment), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-08
  • Highland Piper, 1:32 JJDesigns JR-12
  • Highlander, charging (1), 1:32 John Jenkins Designs JR-01
  • Highlander with Musket, charging (1), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-02
  • Highlander, charging (2), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-03
  • Wounded Highlander (1), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-04
  • Highlander, attacking (1), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-05
  • Highlander, attacking (2), 1:32 JJDesigns JR-06
  • Highlander with Lochaber Axe, 1:32 JJDesigns JR-07
  • Highlanders with Sword, advancing, 25 mm RSM JR-HS
  • Highlanders, firing, 25 mm RSM JR-HF
  • Highlanders with Claymore or Lochaber Axe, advancing, 25 mm RSM JR-HO
  • Jacobite Highlanders, 1:72 German 010
  • Clansman with Sword, 20 mm Irregular NM37
  • Humblie with Axe, 20 mm Irregular NM38
  • Jacobite Highlander Command, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR03
  • Jacobite Highlander with Sword, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR01
  • Jacobite Highlander with Musket, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR02
  • Jacobite Highlander with Lochaber Axe, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR04
  • Jacobite Lowlander with Musket, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR05
  • Clansmen, 15 mm Old Glory JAB01
  • 10 Clan Cavalry, 6 Baggot's Hussars, Highland Artillery, and Lifeguard Cavalry, 15 mm Old Glory JAB06
  • Baggot's Hussars, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR06
  • Jacobite Lowland Cavalry, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR09
  • Jacobite Artillery Crew, 15 mm Freikorps15 JR07

Bibliography

  • Aikman, Christian: No Quarter Given. The Muster Roll of Prince Charles Edward Stuart's Army, 1745-46 (Glasgow 2012)
  • Barthorp, Michael: The Jacobite Rebellions 1689–1745 (Lond. 1982)
  • Chambers: Jacobite memoirs (Edinb. 1834)
  • Doran: London in Jacobite times (London 1877-79, 2 Bde.)
  • Fremont-Barnes, Gregory: The Jacobite Rebellion 1745–46 (Lond. 2011)
  • Harrington, Peter: Culloden 1746. The Highland Clans' Last Charge (Lond. 1991)
  • Hogg: Jacobite relics (Edinb. 1819, 2 Bde.)
  • Jesse: Memoirs of the pretenders and their adherents (London 1856, 2 Bde.)
  • Reid, Stuart: Highland Clansman 1689–1746 (Lond. 1997)
  • Reid, Stuart: Culloden Moor 1746. The death of the Jacobite cause (Lond. 2002)
  • Reid, Stuart: The Scottish Jacobite Army 1745–46 (Lond. 2006)
  • Reid, Stuart: Cumberland's Culloden Army 1745–46 (Lond. 2012)

Source: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6. Auflage 1905–1909

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Miniatures of the Jacobite Rebellions