Saxon Infantry Regiment Prince Johann Adolf of Saxe-Gotha, 1756–1763

Saxon Infantry Regiment Prince Johann Adolf of Saxe-Gotha, 1756–1763

After the capitulation of the Saxon Army, on 15 October 1756, Infantry Regiment Prince Adolf Johann von Sachsen-Gotha was incorporated into the Prussian army and renamed Infantry Regiment v. Saldern (Nr. 54). Dressed in Prussian uniforms, the formerly Saxon soldiers served as a garrison regiment until the end of the Seven Years’ War. The Garrison Grenadier Battalion 54/56 served with the field army in Pomerania and Silesia.

Many of these forcefully recruited Saxons soon deserted and fled to Hungary via Bohemia and Poland, where a new Saxon army was being formed under the command of Lieutenant-General Franz Xavier prince of Saxony from 1757. Infantry Regiment Saxe-Gotha received new regimental colours in March of 1758 and it took part in the campaigns of the combined French and Imperial Army along the Rhine.

The Saxe-Gotha infantry regiment was distinguished from Infantry Regiment Prince Xavier of Saxony by its white metal buttons and the white metal plates of their grenadier mitres.

Proprietor

  • Prince Johann Adolf of Saxe-Gotha, 1756–1763

Commanders

  • Colonel von Uetterodt, 1756
  • Colonel von Lecoq, 1757–1763

Garrison

  • Wittenberg, 1756

Organization

  • Regimental Staff
  • I. Battalion
    • 1. Grenadierkompanie
    • 1. (Leib)Kompanie
    • 2. Kompanie
    • 3. Kompanie
    • 4. Kompanie
  • II. Battalion
    • 2. Grenadierkompanie
    • 5. Kompanie
    • 6. Kompanie
    • 7. Kompanie
    • 8. Kompanie

The regiment was reactivated in Hungary 1757 with only one battalion.

Uniform

  • white coat with white metal buttons
  • 6 buttons and button-holes right and left
  • pale blue cuffs with two buttons
  • pale blue turnbacks
  • pale blue shoulder strap
  • red stock
  • pale blue camisole with white buttons
  • white breeches
  • black gaiters with white buttons
  • black tricorne hat with white edging, pale blue/white pompom
  • From 1756 Prussian-style grenadier mitres with white metal front plates, pale blue base, yellow grenades, pale blue bag with white lace, and yellow/pale blue pompom. From 1757 the grenadiers of the new Saxon regiments wore tricorne hats with white edging, like the musketiers. In 1761, Austrian-style fur grenadier caps were introduced.
  • Drummers wore uniforms with reversed colours, swallows’ nests edged with lace, und sleeves laced in the button colour
  • officers wore white stocks, silver gorgets, and silver sashes inverwoven with crimson thread

Campaign History

  • Campaign in Saxony, 1756
  • Surrender at Pirna, 1756
  • Reactivation in Hungary, 1757
  • Campaigns on the Rhine, 1758–1763
  • Combat at Lutterberg, 1758
  • Battle of Bergen, 1759
  • Battle of Minden, 1759
  • Battle of Langensalza, 1761

In 1756, the grenadiers of Infantry Regiment Prince Adolf Johann von Sachsen-Gotha joined those of Infantry Regiment Prince Franz Xavier von Sachsen to form Grenadier Battalion von der Pforte.

The Electoral Saxon Army of the Seven Years’ War, 1756–1763