Green earth, Bohemian earth, earth green, Veronese earth, Italian earth, Tyrolean green, Venetian earth, Veronese green, celadon green, is a mixture of several minerals and consists mainly of siliceous iron oxide and clay as well as material containing iron oxide, through which the otherwise green mass appears interspersed with yellow parts.
Coming from the pits, it forms a viscous, clayey, moist mass of various lighter and darker shades of colouration, the value of which varies according to the nuance and the moisture content. Localities are: Kaaden in Bohemia (Bohemian earth, Kaaden green), on Monte Baldo on Lake Garda (Veronese earth, Venetian green), in South Tyrol near Trento (Tyrolean green); it also occurs in Belgium and in other places, especially in regions of a volcanic character. Augit is its constant companion. It softens in water like clay and is highly valued as a water-based house paint for the reason that it is non-fading. Suspended in linseed oil, the dried and ground light green powder (ground green earth), while not suitable as a paint, may be used to achieve certain effects in painting. Green earth is occasionally coloured with tar dye, beautified, but quickly loses its colouring in lime and when exposed to light.
Source: Lueger, Otto: Lexikon der gesamten Technik und ihrer Hilfswissenschaften (Stuttg., Leipz. 1906)
Single Pigment Colours
A small overview of green earth (PBr 7 und PG 23) single pigment colours suitable for miniatures, models, and dioramas.
- Green Earth (PG 23), Old Holland : New Masters Acrylic AH250709
- Natural Green Earth (PBr 7, semi-transparent), PRIMAcryl 13.571
- Green Earth Pigment, Vallejo 73.111
Mixed Pigment Colours
- Primer Earth Green, Vallejo 74.611
Green earth, celadonite, blackish or olive green, fine, mild mineral, consisting of silicic acid, clay, iron oxide, magnesia, potash and water, often crusting the bubbles in basaltic amygdales and tuffs, originally used as stone green, Veronese green, Veronese earth, Tyrolean Earth for painting.
Source: Brockhaus’ Kleines Konversations-Lexikon, 5. Auflage 1911